13.05.2024 Author: Mohamed Lamine KABA

The celebration of the 79th anniversary of Russia’s victory over Nazi Germany in 1945: current issues and future trends

The celebration of the 79th anniversary of Russia's victory over Nazi Germany

On 9 May 2024, Russia solemnly celebrated the 79th anniversary of the historic victory over Nazi Germany. On this significant date, celebrated as Victory Day, more than 9,000 soldiers gathered and Vladimir Putin, who had just been re-elected to a new presidential term, was present. Before the parade began, Russian President Vladimir Putin personally met foreign leaders in the Kremlin’s Armorial Hall: Belarus – Alexander Lukashenko, Kazakhstan – Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, Kyrgyzstan – Sadyr Zhaparov, Tajikistan – Emomali Rakhmon, Uzbekistan – Shavkat Mirziyoyev, Turkmenistan – Serdar Berdymukhamedov, Cuba – Miguel Diaz-Canel Bermudez, Laos – Thongloun Sisoulith and Guinea-Bissau – Sisoku Embalo.

The ceremony was accompanied by dazzling military displays, including a flypast of fighter jets reflecting Russia’s power and determination in the face of modern challenges. This event, which emphasized the decisive role of the Soviet Union in the fall of Hitler’s Nazi regime, remains in people’s memories as a major turning point in world history. Victory Day, which is enthusiastically celebrated across the country and in other former Soviet republics, is an opportunity to pay tribute to the 27 million Soviet citizens who fell in the war. In Moscow, the celebrations culminate in a parade in Red Square, where troops solemnly pay tribute to their commanders and war heroes.

This reflection is part of an expert approach, in which an understanding of historical dynamics is necessary to understand current issues and predict future trends.

The celebration of Russia’s victory over Nazi Germany (the West) is a historic event that occupies an important place in the structure of Russian patriotism and national identity. On this occasion, President Vladimir Putin emphasized the profound significance of Victory Day, underlining the unity of generations and paying tribute to the sacrifices made by the people during the conflicts.

The historical significance of the 79th anniversary of Russia’s victory over Nazi Germany and, indirectly, over the West, lies in the fact that this victory, which became the key victory in the Great Patriotic War, determined the course of modern history and influenced international politics. The Soviet people crushed fascism, defended the freedom and independence of their State, and saved humanity from the threat of enslavement.

The defeat of the bloc of fascist states (Germany, Italy and Japan) and their allies saved the world from the threat of enslavement and led to a change in geopolitical trends.

An important outcome of the defeat of Nazi Germany and its allies was the collapse of the colonial system. The results of the Second World War led to major political changes in the international arena, the gradual development of the trend towards co-operation between states with different social systems.

For the Russian people, this Great Victory is a symbol of unity and identity, strengthens national pride and glorifies the steadfastness and courage of the Soviet troops.

Under President Vladimir Putin, Victory Day is becoming a strong political symbol, reflecting the continuity between the heroic past and current military actions, particularly in the implementation of the special military operation against the Ukrainian neo-Nazi regime. The celebration also emphasizes Russia’s military might and its determination to preserve its sovereignty, sending a clear message in response to militaristic statements by the West.

In terms of international relations, this commemoration has significant repercussions, with presidential speeches often addressing themes of peace and global security, while reaffirming Russia’s defensive posture. Shows of force, like the parade on Red Square, are manifestations of Russia’s ability and willingness to defend itself. As if to say that the Russian state is “capable of ensuring order inside and power outside” to maintain its homeostasis in a context of complex and changing global geopolitics.

Finally, the anniversary of Victory Day is a time to reflect on the tragic consequences of World War II in Russia and to honour the sacrifices made by many Russian families for the freedom of future generations.


Mohamed Lamine KABA is an expert on the geopolitics of governance and regional integration, Institute of Governance, Humanities and Social Sciences, Pan-African University, especially for the online magazine “New Eastern Outlook”

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